Main Species of Locally Caught Fish

 

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​Tonn/Bluefin Tuna
Thunnus thynnus


Max. Length:  300cm (common 50-150cm)
Dorsal fins set close together
No Markings on body
Pectoral fin short​

 

 

Alonga/Albacore

Thunnus alalunga

 

Max. Length:  100cm (common 50-80cm)

Close set dorsal fins

Long pectoral fin

 

 

Pixxispad/Swordfish

Xiphias gladius

 

Max. Length: 450cm (common 80-220cm)

Long flattened sword

1st dorsal fin much longer than 2nd

Caudal peduncle with strong lateral keel

 

 

Lampuka/Dolphinfish

Coryphaena hippurus

 

Max. Length: 200cm (common 40-100cm)

Long flattened body

Long dorsal fin

Steep forehead

 

 

Fanfru/Pilot Fish

Naucrates ductor

 

Max. Length: 70cm (common up to 35cm)

5-7 dark vertical stripes

1st dorsal fin 4-5 spines, 2nd dorsal fin long

Caudal peduncle with keel

 

 

Kavall/Chub mackerel

Scomber japonicus

 

Max. Length: 50cm (common 15-30cm)

Thin and light Sinuos (S-shaped) markings

5 small dorsal and anal finlets

Large eye

 

 

Pizzintun/Atlantic mackerel

Scomber scombrus



 

Max Fork Length:  50cm (common 18-30cm)

Wide and dark vertical markings

5 small dorsal and anal finlets

Smaller eye

 

 

Laċċi Kaħla/Sprat

Sprattus sprattus

 

Max. Length: 16cm (common 8cm)

Dark blue with green reflections

1 central dorsal fin

Sides and underside silvery white

 

 

Vopa/Bogue

Boops boops

 

Max. Length: 36cm (common 10cm)

Grey dark back to silvery golden sides

Few thin longitudinal yellow-golden bands

Base of pectoral fin with a black spot

 

 

Trilja tal-qawwi/Striped red mullet

Mullus surmuletus

 

Max. Length: 40cm (common 10-25cm)

Sloping profile

Few thin longitudinal yellow-golden bands on sides

Pectoral fin with yellow stripes and black markings

 

 

Xabla/Silver scabbarfish

Lepidopus caudatus

 

Max. Length: 210cm (common 50-150cm)

Long laterally flattened silver body, without scales

Long dorsal fin with dark patch above operculum

Lower Jaw longer than upper

 

 

Merluzz/Hake

Merliccius merluccius

 

Max. Length: 110cm (common 12-60cm)

Long body with elongated head, grey

1st dorsal fin short and triangular, 2nd Long

Lower jaw longer than upper

 

 

Skorfon/Scorpionfish

Scorpaenidae spp.

 

Mostly small

Body thick, heads armoured with spines

One dorsal fin with spinces preceding rays

At base of spiny rays lie venom glands

 

 

Cippullazza/Red scorpionfish

Scorpaena scrofa

 

Max. Length: 66cm (common 20-30cm)

Reddish brown with dark and light mottling

Often with black, elongated blotch on dorsal fin

Numerous appendages on chin

 

 

Pagru/Common seabream

Pagrus pagrus

 

Max. Length: 82cm (common 20-60cm)

Pinkish body, head and tail darker

Steep forehead

Brown spot at base of dorsal fin

 

 

Rajja tal-fosos/Thornback ray

Raja clavata

 

Max. Length: 110cm (common 30-80cm)

Back covered with spiny tubercules

Greyish of brownish with lighter and darker mottlings

Disc shaped with angled wings, snout slightly elongated

 

 

Qarnita/Common Octopus

Octopus vulgaris

 

Max. Length: 23cm (common 10-20cm)

Body strong with conspicuous siphon

2 rows of suckers on eight strong arms

Colour variable

 

 

Klamar/European squid

Loligo vulgaris

 

Max. Length: 30-40cm (common 15-25cm)

Body torpedo shaped, with paired fins running half-way along

2rows of large suckers on tentacles

Colour variable, often pink-white with purple brown mottling

 

 

Gamblu Aħmar/Giant red shrimp

Aristaeomorpha foliacea

 

Max. Length: 17cm (male), 22cm (female).  Common 13-14cm (male), 17-20cm (Female)

Large sized (females larger)

Colour:  Red

Rostrum different in the sexes

 

 

Gamblu Abjad/Deep water pink shrimp

Parapenaeus longirostris

 

Max. Length: 16cm (male), 19cm (female).  Common 8-14cm (male), 12-16cm (Female)

Medium to small sized (females larger)

Colour:  Pink

8 spines on rostrum