Disposal of Veterinary Medicines

Introduction

There are basically two types of waste that are generated by the stakeholders involved in the veterinary medicinal products industry, namely veterinary pharmaceutical waste and used packaging stuff.  Veterinary pharmaceutical waste consists of unused, unsuitable or expired veterinary medicinal products while material derived from used packaging stuff is mainly made up of cardboard and plastic.  The latter is usually classified as recyclable material as well.


Veterinary Pharmaceutical Waste

Both the industry and private individuals may generate a quantity of veterinary pharmaceutical waste that may be hazardous to the environment and/or animal and human health if not disposed of according to the proper procedure. Any precautionary and safety measures or indication of potential risks, which are specified on the product from which the waste has been derived, must be taken in consideration. 

There are three different types of  Pharmaceutical waste. Each type has to be disposed of in a different way.

  • Small amount of pharmaceutical waste (not cytotoxic) generated mainly by private non-commercial individuals.
  • Large quantity of pharmaceutical waste (not cytotoxic) generated mainly by commercial or governmental entities, e.g. farmers, veterinary pharmacies, veterinary wholesale dealer, medicated feed mills, veterinarians or research centres. 
  • Cytotoxic Pharmaceutical Waste.

Procedure for the Disposal of Small Quantity of Pharmaceutical Waste

Civic Waste Amenity Sites that are located in several parts of the Maltese islands can take up small amounts of pharmaceutical waste from private citizens. The waste producer should contact designated personnel from these sites for information regarding the quantities that are allowed to be disposed of in these sites.


Procedure for the Disposal of Large Quantity of Pharmaceutical Waste

The pharmaceutical waste must go through a ‘Waste Acceptance Procedure’ and the waste producer has to contact the designated official responsible for it at the Wasteserv Thermal Treatment Facility before the waste is taken to this facility.


Procedure for the Disposal of Cytotoxic Pharmaceutical Waste

Neither the Civic Waste Amenity Sites nor WasteServe have a facilities to accept cytotoxic waste. Therefore, such waste cannot be disposed of at these sites. 

However, there are waste brokers which may be licensed to export this waste. Waste Producers should contact the WasteServe for further information. 


Recyclable Material From Packaging Stuff

Importers of goods have to recycle a certain percentage of packaging material in order to comply with the current legislation of L.N. 98 of 2004. It must be emphasised that contracted companies which offer this service might not necessarily be the same ones that are registered as waste brokers or waste carriers.